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建议如何的收集证据?

    咨询问题:建议如何的收集证据?

    Consultation question: how to collect evidence?

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    律师解答:律师解答

    Lawyer's answer


    1、询问。2、讯问。3、辨认。4、勘验。5、检查。6、搜查。7、实验。8、鉴定。

    1. Ask. 2. Interrogation. 3. Identify. 4. Inspection. 5. Check. 6. Search. 7. Experiment. 8. Identification.


    (1)询问。讯问是指执法机关或者律师要求当事人、证人或者鉴定人陈述自己对案件的理解。讯问是任何案件收集证据的常用手段和方法。

    (1) Ask. Interrogation means that law enforcement agencies or lawyers require parties, witnesses or experts to state their understanding of the case. Interrogation is a common method to collect evidence in any case.

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    (2)讯问。讯问是指执法机关要求违法人员、犯罪嫌疑人、刑事被告人如实供述案件的方式。讯问对象仅限于行政处罚案件的犯罪人和刑事案件的犯罪嫌疑人、被告人。讯问对象仅限于执法机关,不包括律师。

    (2) Interrogation. Interrogation means the way in which the law enforcement authorities require the illegal personnel, the suspect and the defendant to truthfully confess the case. Interrogators are limited to the suspect in the administrative penalty case and the suspect and defendant in the criminal case. The objects of interrogation are limited to law enforcement agencies, not lawyers.

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    (3)辨认。鉴定要求受害人或证人从许多类似的物体、地点或人身上选择他所看到和听到的东西。鉴定主体可以是本案的被害人和证人。鉴定对象可以是本案嫌疑人或者与本案有一定联系的人,也可以是与本案有关的货物或者场所。

    (3) Identification. Identification requires the victim or witness to choose from many similar objects, places or people what he sees and hears. The subject of identification can be the victim and witness of the case. The object of identification can be the suspect or the person who has certain connection with the case, or the goods or places related to the case.

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    (4)勘验。刑讯逼供是执法人员到现场发现、提取证据的一种特殊活动。检查对象仅限于执法机关,律师无权进行检查。从收集证据的角度看,一方面,勘验是发现和提取各种物证的重要途径;另一方面,勘验笔录本身也是证据类型之一。

    (4) Inspection. Extorting confessions by torture is a special activity for law enforcement officers to find and extract evidence at the scene. The objects of inspection are limited to law enforcement agencies, and lawyers have no right to inspect. From the perspective of collecting evidence, on the one hand, inquest is an important way to discover and extract all kinds of material evidence; On the other hand, the inquest record itself is one of the types of evidence.

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    (5)检查。检查是指执法机关依法对涉案人员进行检查的专项活动。检查的对象是活体,又称体检。个人检查笔录是证据的主要形式。

    (5) Check. Inspection refers to the special activities of law enforcement organs to inspect the personnel involved in the case according to law. The object of examination is living body, also known as physical examination. Personal examination record is the main form of evidence.

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    (6)搜查。搜查,是指执法机关根据职权对与案件有关的场所或者人员进行强制搜查、搜查、提取证据材料的专项活动。搜查的对象可以是一个地方、一个人、一辆车、一艘船和其他物体。搜查是发现和提取各种物证和书证的重要方式,搜查笔录本身就是证据的种类之一。

    (6) Experiment. Search refers to the special activities of the law enforcement organs to carry out compulsory search, search and extract evidence materials on the places or personnel related to the case according to their functions and powers. The object of search can be a place, a person, a car, a ship and other objects. Search is an important way to find and extract all kinds of material evidence and documentary evidence, and the search record itself is one of the types of evidence.

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    (7)实验。实验是指执法机关模拟、再现犯罪现场、犯罪过程或案件发生过程的专项活动,主要适用于刑事案件。在其他类型的案件中,也可能需要使用这种再现性实验方法来查明事故原因或核实当事人或证人的陈述。

    (7) Experiment. Experiment refers to the special activities of law enforcement organs to simulate and reproduce the crime scene, criminal process or case occurrence process, which is mainly applicable to criminal cases. In other types of cases, it may also be necessary to use this reproducibility experimental method to find out the cause of the accident or verify the statements of the parties or witnesses.

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    (8)鉴定。鉴定,是指专门机构或者人员利用其专业技术知识和科学技术装备,对有关的特殊问题进行检验,得出鉴定结论的活动。

    (8) Identification. Appraisal refers to the activities of special institutions or personnel using their professional technical knowledge and scientific and technological equipment to inspect relevant special problems and draw appraisal conclusions.

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